Planting Cashew Nut & Moringa Seedlings in Uganda.
Sam Mukumba the initiator of The Dewe Project who lives in England, has been exploring the growing of these plants at the project and clearly found out that they can also do well in the central part of Uganda. They are easy to propagate and they capable of withstanding harsh conditions such as draughts and poor soils. They are good at repelling pests and do not take long to yield.
Both plants are high nutritional food sources and different parts of them are widely used for medical purposes.
- It is reported in many articles and papers that Moringa leaves and twigs can be used to feed animals such as cows, goats, chickens etc. which is commonly practised by some local farmers in Uganda.For the last ten years, Sam Mukumba has been developing the growing methods of these plants and many of them are now well established and fruiting. The people on site have gained a lot of knowledge, have become experts and teach other people how to propagate, grow and care for these crops.Mission statement: “To Create a Sustainable Green & Healthy Future through Research and Farming”
- To bring awareness to people the importance of growing super food crops.
- To create a healthy environment with healthy people.Objectives:
- To concentrate on growing crops with high nutritional values.
- To promote the usage of Moringa and cashew nut to fight malnutrition in children , diseases and death rate in Uganda.
- Create a healthy and sustainable environment to live in
- To teach local people skills and entrepreneurship mainly in rural and semi rural areas .
- To plant and sell seedlings to generate an income and improve economic sustainability and reduce poverty.
- Teach people appropriate methods of farming and harvesting, processing,and use of Moringa and cashew nut.
- Support an on going research on the medicinal potentials of Moringa and Cashew nut by inviting medical practitioners for talks and workshops.
Our Short term goals:
- To train one hundred people how to grow and look after Moringa and Cashew nut trees
- To establish a nursery and produce over two hundred seedlings a month.
- To teach people composite making and soil mixing
Long term goal:
- To train between 500 to 700 people per year how to grow and look after Moringa and Cashew nut trees. In five year we would like to have trained at least over 3000 people who in return train others.
- Give a continual training on processing and using Moringa and cashew nut products.
- Create a market garden for growing and supplying Moringa and Cashew nut seeds and seedlings.
Moringa products are now sold in most of the developed world as a super food because of its high nutritional values. It is recorded that you can use leaves, bark, flowers, roots and gum which comes from the stem as food as well as medicine.
Once people gain awareness and interest, there is a great deal of knowledge recorded that can be accessed.
What you can be found in one leave:
125% daily value calcium
61% daily value of magnesium
41% daily value of potassium
71% daily value of iron
27% daily value of vitamin A
22% daily value of vitamin C
In total there over 90 different vitamins, minerals or other nutrients in Moringa Oleifera.
Medicinally different parts of Moringa can be used to cure or relieve symptoms:
Lower blood pressure
Improve the immune system
Protect stomach lining
Boost energy levels
Produce more milk for breastfeeding mothers
Immature Moringa pods can be used as circulatory stimulants and cardiac and it is also suggested that various parts of the plant such as the roots, bark, leaves, seeds, fruits and flowers contain high values of antitumor, antipyretic, anti epileptic, anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer, anti-spasmodic, anti-hypertensive, cholesterol lowering, anti-diabetic, antioxidant, hepatoprotective, antibacterial and anti fungal properties.
The dried and powdered Moringa seeds are known for its compelling water purifying and high nutrition values.
A review of Moringa’s nutrition values:
Fresh Moringa leaves are seven times rich in vitamin c than orange.
Four times the calcium of milk
Three times the potassium of Bananas
Twice the protein of yoghurt
Four times the vitamin A of carrots.
¾ the iron of spinach
Dried Moringa leaves nutrition becomes even greater.
In the case of Aids, Moringa, mixed with artimisia annua can improve a person with AIDS’ stamina, energy and CD4 counts, which gives them ability to live a more normal active life. It must be noted that Moringa does not cure AIDS but it boosts the immune system and improves the quality of life.
Moringa leaves can be steamed and used as vegetables and the seed pods can used to give flavour and textures to food.
Planting Moringa trees all around Uganda can also help in environmental recovery.
Cashew Nut trees are evergreen belonging within the Anacardiacene family of the genus: Anacardium, scientific name: Anacardiumoccidentale.
Cashew nut is also a well researched plant. The tree bears numerous, edible, pear called cashew apple – full of vitamins and edible nuts or cashew nut.
Cashew nut is grown mostly in the northern part of Uganda.
It is a plant not exploited nor understood enough.
Experiments have been carried out to find how cashew nut would grow in the central and the findings are exciting. Cashew nut grew very well and does not seem to be attacked by insects or other pests and very good at withstanding draught conditions.
In three years, The Dewe Project ran the experiment and managed to harvest a good crop. The plants can grow well on poor soils, the flowers attract many insects and the plant does not seem to deplete the soils.
Many other crops can grow around and under the tree and the mature trees can be pruned to produce wood for furniture making, fire wood, charcoal making and leaves for mulching the land.
Mature cashew nut trees produces a resin which can be used as a varnish and a wood preservative.
Nutrition Values Of Cashew Nut / Health Benefits
The nuts are rich in ‘heart friendly’ mono unsaturated-fatty acid like olefin and palmitoleic acids. These fatty acids helps in lowering harmful cholesterol while increasing good HDL.
Research studies suggests that Mediterranean diet, which is rich in mono unsaturated fatty acids help to prevent coronary artery diseases and strokes by favouring health blood lipid profile.
Cashew nut is a very rich source of minerals especially manganese, potassium, copper, iron, manganese, zinc and selenium all concentrated in these nuts. The minerals in these nuts are good enough to prevent deficiency diseases.
The Micro nutrient the selenium which is found in cashew nuts functions as a co-factor for antioxidant enzymes such as glutathione peroxidases, one of the most powerful antioxidants in the body.
It is also rich in many essential vitamins such as pantothenic acid ( vitamin B5 ), pyridoxine ( vitamin B-6), riboflavin, and thiamin ( vitamin B-1). All these vitamins are essential for the metabolism of protein, fat and carbohydrates at cellular level. They are also good for preventing certain diseases such as dermatitis. The nut also contains nutrients which are good for keeping eyes healthy.
Cashews are high in calories, 100gm of nuts provides 553 calories. They are packet with soluble dietary fibre, vitamins minerals and numerous health- promoting phyto-chemicals that help to protect from diseases and cancers
Leaves of a cashew tree can be picked, cleaned, dried in doors and gridded to make a drink like tea for protecting and treating teeth.
The dried pods of cashew nut are acidic and must be handled with care. These pod once the nuts are removed can be used for many purposes.
They can be crushed and scattered in an area to remove termites.
They can also be pounded in a mortar to make black pigment.
We are still learning more about this magic plant.
Cashew Nut Oil
It is an excellent source of vitamin C, containing 9 times more than orange.
The oil is composed of:
Fatty acids – especially oleic and linoleic acids – 77%
Protein – 21%
Mineral salts, calcium, phosphorus,iron,which all contribute to a maintaining a health nervous and muscular system
Cashew nut oil contains mainly unsaturated fatty acids.
It is a precious oil rich in vitamin E.
In many cultures it has been used to fight kidney problems, arthritis, rheumatism and eczema as well as for lowering bad cholesterol levels and treating eye problems.
The oil is traditionally used for culinary purposes or applied on psoriasis and eczema to protect the healing of lesions.
As a cooking oil, its high oleic content of 59%, make cashew oil a premium source of energy while also stimulating the immune system.
The cashew fruit is recommended for its high values in vitamins
Like many other nuts, some people might have allergic reactions to eating it or using cashew products. One experiencing such reactions must seek medical advice from a doctor.
** It must fully understood that any references to alleviating diseases or symptoms mentioned in any Dewe written materials are stated based on common knowledge attained from local experience over time or researched on computer and herbal medicine books.
No guarantee is expressed or implied as to the efficacy of any plant materials nor methods of administering mentioned. Please ask for advice from medical professions if you would like to use these plants or products or use them on you own risk.